Conference: New Histories of Medical Technology

Medical technologies have transformed the nature of doctor-patient relationships, definitions of health and disease, and the spaces and rhythms of clinical practice. Moving beyond heroic diagnostic and therapeutic devices, this conference spotlights how ordinary objects—thermometers, prosthetics, pagers—have shaped medicine’s engagement with technology.

Organized by Jeremy Greene (Johns Hopkins University) and Jaipreet Virdi (University of Delaware), this conference places historians of medicine in conversation with historians of technology to better understand new developments in social and cultural histories of medical technology, bringing new insights from disability, medial, environment, and colonial/postcolonial histories.

Join us for a series of online panels and gatherings spread across March and early April. This conference is generously sponsored by the Molina Foundation and hosted by the Department of the History of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and the Department of History, University of Delaware.

Details about the panels and speakers are in the attached flyer. Please feel free to circulate amongst interested parties.

Learn more: https://histmedtech.org/
Free Registration: https://www.crowdcast.io/e/new-histories-of-medical/register

MARCH 1: Hardware/Software

GERARDO CON DIAZ: “Programming the Clinic: IBM and Hospital Administration”

JEREMY GREENE: “The Computer In the Clinic: Automating the Medical Interface”

MODERATED BY MAR HICKS

MARCH 9: Prosthetic Histories

CAROLINE LIEFFERS: “Colonialist Prosthetics”

COREEN MCGUIRE: “Breathlessness Technologies”

MODERATED BY BESS WILLIAMSON

MARCH 17: Everyday Technologies

JAIPREET VIRDI: “Fitting Hearing Aids”

DEIRDRE COOPER OWENS: “Speculum”

MODERATED BY LEE VINSEL

MARCH 25: Technologies in Translation

PROJIT MURKHARJI: “Injekshan Chikitsa: Small Technologies and Subaltern Therapeutics in 20th Century India”

TATIANA CHUDAKOVA: “Finding Resonance: Translating Electroacupuncture in Russia’s Medical Diagnostic Technologies”

MODERATED BY YULIA FRUMER

MARCH 29: Visualization

JOSEPH NOVEMBER: “Digital Visualizations & the CAT Scan”

WEN SHEN: “The Adrenal Incidentaloma”

MODERATED BY THEODORE PORTER

APRIL 6: Instruments

ELAINE LEONG: “Materiality & Health Technologies in Early Modern Britain”

SHELLEY MCKELLAR: “Cutting as Cure”

MODERATED BY BENJAMIN GROSS

AAHM News: Dan David 2021 Laureates

Congratulations to AAHM President Keith Wailoo and historians of medicine and sciences Katharine Park and Alison Bashford for being named 2021 Dan David Prize Laureates!

From the Press Release: Tel Aviv – The Dan David Prize announced on Monday (Feb. 15, 2021) that medical historians Alison Bashford, Katharine Park, and Keith Wailoo are among the recipients of the distinguished 2021 award, reflecting the worldwide desire to understand and combat the COVID-19 pandemic and improve global health.

The three accomplished historians share a prize of $1 million for their work in the field of History of Health and Medicine (Past category). They join the Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Dr. Anthony Fauci, who won the prize in the field of Public Health (Present category), and anti-cancer immunotherapy pioneers Prof. Zelig EshharProf. Carl June, and Dr. Steven Rosenberg, who won in the field of Molecular Medicine (Future category).

In choosing the field of History of Health and Medicine for the prizethe Dan David Board commented that “the nominations for the 2021 Dan David Prize embody the most significant developments and shifts in our field over the past few decades: the use of gender as an analytic tool; consideration of race and ethnicity; and the expansion of the field geographically and chronologically. Influential work in our field is now as likely to be centered in the Global South, or in the Middle Ages, as in nineteenth-century Paris or twentieth-century Baltimore.”

The internationally renowned prize, headquartered at Tel Aviv University, annually honors outstanding contributions of globally inspiring individuals and organizations that expand knowledge of the past, enrich society in the present, and promise to improve the future of our world. The Prize awards three gifts of $1 million, shared among the winners of each category. The total purse of $3 million makes the Dan David Prize one of the highest-valued awards internationally.

The seven laureates will be honored at the 2021 Dan David Prize Award Ceremony, to be held in an  special online event in May 2021.

Grants: AAHN Grants for Historical Research in Nursing and Health Care History

The American Association for the History of Nursing is currently accepting research grant proposals for its H-15 Grant, designed for faculty members and independent researchers, its H-21 Grant, designed for senior scholars undertaking a new historical research study, and its H-31 Grant, designed to encourage and support graduate training and historical research at the Masters and Doctoral levels. Grant materials must be submitted to grants@aahn.org by April 1, 2021. Proposals are reviewed by the AAHN Research Review Committee. Please visit www.aahn.org/research-grants for full details.

H-15 Grant

The H-15 Grant is awarded to faculty members or independent researchers for proposals outlining a historical research study. The grant provides $3,000 in funding. For faculty members affiliated with an academic institution, indirect costs for Facilities and Administration (F & A) of 8% are also available. Applicants must be AAHN members and hold the research doctorate. It is expected that the research and new materials produced by the grant recipient will help ensure the growth of scholarly work focused on the history of nursing.

H-21 Grant

The H-21 Grant is awarded to senior scholars (faculty members or independent researchers) for proposals outlining a new historical research study. The grant provides $3,000 in funding. For faculty members affiliated with an academic institution, indirect costs for Facilities and Administration (F & A) of 8% are also available. Applicants must be AAHN members, hold a research doctorate, and be the author of a published book in the field of history that is based on original research. It is expected that the research and new materials produced by the grant recipient will help ensure the growth of scholarly work focused on the history of nursing.

H-31 Grant

The H-31 Grant is designed to encourage and support graduate training and historical research at the Masters and research Doctoral levels. The grant awards $2,000. Proposals will focus on a significant question in the history of nursing. Students applying for this grant must be enrolled in an accredited Masters or research Doctoral program and a member of the AAHN. The research advisor will be doctorally prepared with scholarly activity in the field of nursing and health care history, with prior experience in guidance of research training.

Contact Info: Dominique Tobbell, PhD

Contact Email: grants@aahn.org

Calls for Papers: Childbirth Technologies & Techniques

Call for Papers: Childbirth Technologies & Techniques (deadline March 15 2021)

Editors:

Dr. Scottie Hale Buehler, University of Texas at Austin

Dr. Margaret Carlyle, University of British Columbia Okanagan

midwiferytechnologies@gmail.com

Open Call for Papers: We invite contributions of articles to a special journal issue focusing on the technological culture of childbirth broadly defined. We are particularly interested in how novel technologies, as well as techniques, changed birthing practices over the long term, from the Middle Ages to the present day. We welcome papers on any aspect of this material culture. This especially includes research that nuances claims of technology-as-progress or that complicates existing narratives about the man-midwife’s takeover of midwifery with the forceps. We also welcome new stories about the history of childbirth practices, women’s technological ingenuity, and the very definition of childbirth ‘technology’ itself.

This issue aims to generate new discussion about the history of childbirth using material culture as a starting point for thinking about obstetrical practices, technologies, and techniques. We welcome discussion of tools, instruments, and techniques both inside and outside of the birthing chamber, in order to develop a more comprehensive picture of the technological culture around birthing over time. The geographic focus of papers is open and the time period is roughly 1400–present.

Technologies and techniques are not limited to the moment of delivery and can focus on pre- and post-partum practices and can include instruments used for diagnostic, anthropometric, practical, quantitative, and educational purposes (e.g. pre-partum diagnostic tools, infant feeding techniques, obstetrical teaching models). We also welcome papers that explore the technological culture of childbirth in relation to gender, race, imperial history, and slavery.

Topics might include but are not limited to:

History of techniques, manual dexterity, and embodied knowledge
Techniques and technologies of midwifery & man-midwifery
Objects, instruments, techniques used medically for childbirth
Material cultures of childbirth
Entanglements of technologies and conceptions of the birthing body
Instruments of control and surveillance in childbirth
Sociomaterial practices of childbirth

Submissions: The editors welcome scholarly submissions from academics and researchers in the fields of history; history of science, technology, and medicine; gender and women’s studies; and related disciplines.

For consideration, please submit a 300-word abstract of your proposed paper, including your title and institutional affiliation, to midwiferytechnologies@gmail.com on or before March 15 2021. If your paper proposal is accepted, you will be asked to submit a completed essay of 7,000-8,000 words in Winter 2021-22.

Papers must be original and should not be previously published or be under review elsewhere for publication. All manuscripts will be subject to a blind peer-review process before they are accepted for publication.

Publication Details & Timeline: Following acceptance of paper topics, the editors will submit a special issue proposal to Technology and Culture (https://www.press.jhu.edu/journals/technology-and-culture). Should this proposal not work out, we are committed to finding another suitable top tier journal for our publication in a timely fashion. We will ask contributors to provide us with a full article by Winter 2021–22, with an anticipated publication sometime in 2023. More details on the paper submission process will be provided once your proposal has been accepted.
Contact Info:

Dr. Scottie Hale Buehler, University of Texas at Austin and Dr. Margaret Carlyle, University of British Columbia Okanagan
Contact Email:
midwiferytechnologies@gmail.com

Conferences: Joint Atlantic Seminar for the History of East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine

The inaugural Joint Atlantic Seminar for the History of East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine (JAS-EASTM) will be held virtually on April 16-17 by Johns Hopkins University. Registration is free and open to all.

Beginning with a plenary lecture by Marta Hanson, this conference will feature four panels:

  • Public Health
  • Infrastructure
  • System of Knowledge—Technological
  • System of Knowledge—Medical

The panels will be round tables based on pre-circulated papers that will be posted on the JAS-EASTM website two weeks prior to the conference. The papers will only be accessible to registered conference participants and will be open to comments. For more details and the preliminary schedule, please visit https://jaseastm.org.

To gain access to pre-circulated papers, Zoom links for panels, and Gather Town receptions, please register on the website.

JAS-EASTM seeks to inspire a tradition of collegiality across the eastern seaboard, including the Northeastern United States and Southeastern Canada. The goal of the seminar is to bring together scholars at various stages of their careers working on an array of topics related to the history of science, technology, and medicine in East Asia. JAS-EASTM will provide a friendly setting for scholars to engage with each other’s work and receive supportive feedback. The 1st JAS-EASTM is co-sponsored by Johns Hopkins University’s History of Science and Technology Department, History of Medicine Department, and the Program for East Asian Studies.

American Institute of the History of Pharmacy 2021 PhD Research Support Grants

The American Institute of the History of Pharmacy (AIHP) is now accepting applications for 2021 AIHP PhD Research Support GrantsThe deadline for receipt of applications is March 1, 2021. The AIHP PhD Research Support Grant Program encourages academic research by doctoral candidates on topics related to the (broadly defined) history of pharmacy and pharmaceuticals. The Program provides grants of up to $2,000, and AIHP hopes to fund two PhD Research Support Grants in 2021.

The theme for the 2021 AIHP PhD Research Grant Program is “Barriers & Margins.” The fields of pharmacy and pharmaceuticals have often witnessed social, economic, racial, gender, and other barriers that have marginalized certain segments of the population. Many of these stories remain untold. For this year’s grant competition, we particularly encourage applications from students pursuing historical projects that engage with race, colonialism, gender, or inequality as they relate to social or cultural reconfigurations in pharmacy, pharmaceutical fields, and the adjacent health disciplines.

Recipients can use grant funds to cover research-related costs and expenses that are not reimbursed by the researcher’s university.

Grant winners must provide a brief report to AIHP about their grant-funded research one year after receiving the grant money. Within two years of receiving the grant, recipients must also agree to submit a manuscript based on their research for consideration for publication in AIHP’s journal, History of Pharmacy and Pharmaceuticals.

AIHP will give special attention to research proposals related to the theme of “Barriers & Margins” in 2021. “Preserving the histories of persons of color, women, and other underrepresented groups in pharmacy is vitally important in the era of Black Lives Matter and #MeToo,” said AIHP Historical Director Lucas Richert, PhD, the George Urdang Chair in the History of Pharmacy at the University of Wisconsin–Madison School of Pharmacy. The theme of “Barriers & Margins” seeks to generate a greater historical discussion about racial justice, health disparities, and marginalized groups in the history of pharmacy and pharmaceuticals.

Application details for the AIHP PhD Research Support Grant Program and a list of past grant recipients are available on the Institute’s website.

Contact Info:

Gregory Bond, AIHP Assistant Director

Contact Email: aihp@aihp.org

Jobs: NEH Cullen Chair in History and Medicine, University of Houston

The Department of History at the University of Houston invites applicants for the NEH-Cullen Chair in History and Medicine. Established in 2020 and housed in the History Department, this distinguished professorship is critical to the University’s endeavor to link the humanities and the professions. The Chair will play an instrumental role in the research and teaching mission of the History Department. In addition, the Chair will have opportunities to collaborate with the faculty of heath professions colleges and programs around campus to determine how best to support their teaching mission.

We seek applications from scholars working on any aspect of the History of Medicine, broadly defined. Geographical and chronological concentrations are open, and all research areas will be seriously considered. Candidates with special interest in how race, ethnicity, gender, and class influence health disparities are especially encouraged to apply. The successful candidate will hold a Ph.D. in History, History of Medicine, History of Science, or related field.  The candidate will have an ambitious research agenda, a record of publication, including at least two monographs, as well as teaching and professional service commensurate with that of a Full Professor for an appointment to a major endowed professorship. The holder of this Chair will be expected to train graduate students, teach undergraduate students, and develop and contribute to academic and community programs in History.  This primary responsibility will be balanced with potential teaching and programming collaborations with the university’s health professions colleges, which might include teaching the history of medicine to health professions students, sponsoring workshops, seminars, or conferences on the history of medicine as it pertains to practicing medicine in underserved communities, or developing other university and community programming vital to understanding health care disparities and promoting structural competency in medical and pre-medical education. The University of Houston is an institutional member of the Texas Medical Center, which is an internationally renowned center for medical training, research, and practice.

This position comes with a competitive salary as well as generous research support from an endowment funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Cullen Foundation. The University Houston is a Carnegie-designated Tier One Public Research University. We welcome candidates whose experience in teaching, research, or community service has prepared them to contribute to our commitment to diversity and excellence. The University of Houston is responsive to the needs of dual career couples.

Complete applications should include  a letter of application, CV, copies of representative publications, and contact information for three recommendation providers. Please direct all inquiries to Dr. Philip Howard at pahoward@uh.edu. Applicants are to apply at jobs.uh.edu under the faculty employment link. The search will continue until the position is filled.

The University of Houston is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer. Minorities, women, veterans and persons with disabilities are encouraged to apply. Additionally, the University of Houston prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression.

Qualifications:
Candidates should have completed their Ph.D. in History by July 2021.

Notes to Applicant: Official transcripts are required for a faculty appointment and will be requested upon selection of the final candidate. All positions at the University of Houston are security sensitive and will require a criminal history check.

Required Attachments by Candidate: Curriculum Vitae, Cover Letter/Letter of Application, Publications

Employee Status: Regular/Benefits

Job Posting: Dec 2, 2020, 6:37:30 PM

The University of Houston is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action institution. Minorities, women, veterans and persons with disabilities are encouraged to apply. Additionally, the University prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression.

Calls for Papers: Curriculum of the body and the school as clinic: Histories of public health and schooling, 1900-2020

We have provisional approval from a commercial press for an international edited book provisionally titled, Curriculum of the body and the school as clinic: Histories of public health and schooling, 1900-2020.

The book’s focus is outlined below as well as our proposed timeline for author submissions. We welcome proposals for chapters that will be 6,000-8,000 words in length.

We particularly welcome submissions from:

[1] Early and early-mid-career scholars, whether as sole, lead or co-author; and,

[2] Scholars who have not previously published extensively in English.

Book Overview

Title: Curriculum of the body and the school as clinic: Histories of public health and schooling, 1900-2020

This international edited collection employs the concept of the ‘curriculum of the body’ (Burns, Proctor & Weaver, 2020) to distinguish a set of educational technologies, schooling practices and school-based public health programmes that have been enacted on or through the body of children and young people—not in isolation but rather “in permanent interdependence with other beings and objects” (Veiga, 2018, p. 22). The collection focuses on the twentieth century, with some chapters likely to extend into the first decades of the twenty-first. Our intention is to delineate a period during which the belief that every child should spend several years in school gained near universal global agreement, no matter the variations in local provision and practice. Additionally, this was a period in which the imperatives of public health became increasingly systematized and bureaucratized and schools were identified as key sites nationally and internationally for health and welfare interventions (Proctor & Burns, 2017). The rationale for the time period and institutional focus is to pay attention to the development of a set of institutional forms, repertoires of expertise, and bodily practices that became normalized and naturalized as elemental to schooling—and thereby to childhood and adolescence.

The book is informed by an expanded view of curriculum that recognizes that the school curriculum encompasses not just the content or transmission of formal syllabuses, but rather a whole range of teaching and learning that goes on, both in accordance with and despite of the stated or unstated objectives of schoolteachers and other authorities.

The collection will describe a set of consequential encounters between modern schooling, (public) health discourse and the bodies of children by mapping key dimensions of the ‘curriculum of the body’. It is a curriculum in that there is a level of coherence and direction to its practices, which are instructional in nature, even if not always at the level of transparent or even consciously articulated planning by school authorities. This coherence and direction occur despite the lack of a monolithic center of power, despite this curriculum being untidily put together from various different parts of the operation and forms of schooling, and despite both instances and patterns of inconsistency and contradiction.

The situating of this bodily curriculum in modern schooling draws attention to the historical significance of the institutionalization of education, across the twentieth and into the twenty-first centuries. Schooling is theorized as one of the great organizing institutions of modernity, which, in the case of the curriculum of the body, coexisted and intersected with contemporarily emerging fields of authority, knowledge and organization in medicine, public health and developmental psychology. Schools became so closely identified with first childhood and then adolescence that the artificiality of this connection is now scarcely visible. Modern categorizations of childhood and adolescence grew interactively with the expansion of modern, classroom-based schooling, and occasioned new beliefs and practices of corporeal management, protection and discipline.

The collection is organized into four subsections that outline a range of dimensions and practices that collectively constitute the curriculum of the body in modern schooling. We are seeking chapters that critically reflect on the ways in which, since about 1900, the bodies of children and young people have been discursively constructed and materially implicated in and through the formal and informal technologies and practices of curriculum in different places. Each thematic subsection demonstrates how the curriculum of the body was shaped by the broader values and norms governing particular places at particular points in time. They also highlight the key authorities and dominant bodies of knowledge instrumental in establishing childhood during the schooling years as a period of physical vulnerability in need of management. While recognizing that the practices and effects of any kind of curriculum, or set of curricular practices, will always to some extent be messy, contested or inconsistent, the collection sections establish themes and continuities.

The book subsections four key elements of the curriculum of the body, which organize the collection of chapters into subsections: (1) Formal programmes; (2) Clinical practices; (3)Architecture, spatialities, and materialities; (4) Classroom pedagogies and disciplinary practices. Each subsection will contain three-four chapters. Under these headings we additionally invite contributors to address the collection’s unifying theme – the historical making of childhood and youth in relation to the historical making of systematized and institutionalized expert knowledge.

We have written two papers together offering an expanded idea of our purpose in theorising schools as clinics, and in focussing on the corporeal in the school curriculum and would be happy to send PDF versions to anyone who would like further information about the kind of work we are envisaging, or who is generally interested:

Burns, K., Proctor, H., Weaver, H. (2020). Modern schooling and the curriculum of the body. In Tanya Fitzgerald (Eds.), Handbook of Historical Studies in Education: Debates, Tensions, and Directions, (pp. 1-21). Singapore: Springer.

Proctor, H., Burns, K. (2017). The connected histories of mass schooling and public health. History of Education Review, 46(2), 118-124

Interested contributors are invited to submit a chapter proposal (about 1000 words including bios) to Dr Kellie Burns (kellie.burns@sydney.edu.au) and A/Prof Helen Proctor (helen.proctor@sydney.edu.au) including the following information:

1. Proposed chapter title

2. Conceptual/ theoretical focus

3. Empirical research base / details of the research

4. Proposed thematic link to the collection under one of the four subsections listed above.

5. Brief author bios and/or links to an institutional web page, Google Scholar profile or equivalent (as mentioned above, we are keen to encourage work from new and emerging scholars as well as from scholars who have not previously been read extensively in English).

Proposed timeline:

Abstracts due: 31 March 2021 (or sooner)

Contributors notified: 15 April 2021

Full (6,000-8,000 word) chapter due: 30 November 2021

Reviews and editing, editors’ introductory essay completed November 2021-May 2022 as needed.

Book manuscript submitted: June 2022

Contact Info:  Dr Kellie Burns, University of Sydney, kellie.burns@sydney.edu.au

Associate Professor Helen Proctor, University of Sydney, helen.proctor@sydney.edu.au

Prizes: 6th Notes and Records Essay Award

Calling all historians of science – enter the 6th Notes and Records Essay Award

 Are you a researcher in the history of science, technology and medicine? Have you completed a postgraduate degree within the last five years? If the answer to these questions is ‘yes’, you can enter our Essay Award for a chance to win £500 (or local currency equivalent) and publication of your winning essay in our history of science journal Notes and Records. One runner-up will also receive £250 and there will be £100 prizes for an additional three ‘honourable mentions’. All winning categories will benefit from a free online subscription to Notes and Records for one year. Deadline for entries is 28 February 2021. Further information available at https://royalsocietypublishing.org/rsnr/essay-award

Notes and Records reports on current research and archival activities across the history of science, technology and medicine. Our Essay Award is open to researchers from the above fields who have completed a postgraduate degree within the last 5 years.  Please also see our blog about the previous winner/winning entry from 2019 at https://royalsociety.org/blog/2020/09/notes-and-records-essay-award-2021/

The award consists of:
A cash prize of £500
A runner-up prize of £250
Three honourable mentions will each receive £100
Publication of the winning entry in Notes and Records

All winners will receive a one year online subscription to Notes and Records

Lectures: Pandemic Perspectives: Stories through Collections

Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History is announcing a new program series, Pandemic Perspectives: Stories through Collections.

Join curators and historians for an engaging series of panels offering perspectives on the current pandemic. Panelists will virtually share objects from the past as a springboard to a lively discussion of how to better understand the present. Audience questions are encouraged and will be addressed in the moderated dialogue.

Website, including (free) registration for each program: https://americanhistory.si.edu/pandemic-perspectives

We invite curious people to join us for interesting discussions exploring a diverse range of historical and contemporary topics – and tensions – associated with pandemics.