Calls for Papers: Marketplace, Power, Prestige: The Healthcare Professions’ Struggle for Recognition

Marketplace, Power, Prestige: The Healthcare Professions’ Struggle for Recognition Developments, Conflicts, and Areas of Tension among Healthcare Professions in the Twentieth Century

The differentiation of non-physician healthcare professions that occurred at the same time as the specialisation of medicine and the development of medical technology gained momentum at the end of the nineteenth century. At this point, the academically educated doctors had already ousted their less-qualified competitors, such as traditional surgeons (Wundärzte or Handwerkschirurgen), from the medical marketplace. This development put doctors in a position, from which they had since secured great influence in the state accreditation process of new or newly regulated healthcare professions: a status that they still possess today. According to the German Vocational Training Act (Berufsbildungsgesetz), for example, the state medical associations (Landesärztekammern) are responsible for education and training of medical professionals.

As widely known, the medical care of the population is currently facing issues in a number of areas. Therefore, it is in the interest of the state and society to allow alternatives to the care by physicians. Especially in recent years, the delegation of doctors’ tasks to other healthcare professions has been discussed. Already in 2010, the Cooperative State University (Duale Hochschule) in Karlsruhe established a bachelor degree as physician assistants (Arztassistent). Examples for this endeavour are corresponding job profiles, which partly exist in other countries since decades. In this context, the professionalization or academisation of nursing plays an increasingly important role. One current example for this development represents the model course ‘Evidence Based Nursing’ at the Medical Faculty of the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, established in 2016. The shift of competency and agency, however, led and leads into a number of problems as well. Therefore, the main focus of the conference will be the conflicts and areas of tensions, which accompanied the development or differentiation of the healthcare professions.

For example, the reasons and topics will be discussed because of which conflicts among medical professions occurred. Which parties were involved, which coalitions were established, how did the parties present themselves, and for what aims did they campaign for? Of particular concern will be the question, to what extent contributed such disputes to the shift on the suppliers’ side in the medical marketplace and what consequences had this development on the demanders’ side.

The key questions can be discussed on three levels and with retrospective considerations of the pre-modern period (monopolisation, professionalization).

1. Conflicts and Areas of Tensions Within one Healthcare Profession

On the first level of investigation, the negotiation process within one healthcare profession will be analysed. Within nursing, topics such as the conflicts between men and women, migrants and natives, or also between academic and non-academic people would be possible. Within the doctors’ profession, the main questions would be the conflicts between medical specialist and general practitioners, hospital and private doctors, or also between conventional and complementary or alternative medical practitioners.

2. Conflicts and Areas of Tensions Between Different Healthcare Professions

The second level puts the lines of conflict and tension between the different healthcare professions at the core of the investigation. Which occupational groups exercised influence on the development of adjacent occupations? For this level, it would be possible to analyse the disputes between conventional and alternative practitioners, doctors and osteopaths, psychiatrists and psychologists, gynaecologists and midwives, doctors and nurses, or doctors and psychotherapists.

3. Transnational Perspectives

The transnational perspective describes the comparison of the developments in Germany with other European countries. The question is how the different structural organisation of medical care impacted the development of healthcare professions? A comparison between centralist and federalist or capitalist and socialist systems would be of particular interest to the third level.

Presentations, Discussion, and Reimbursements

A slot of 45 minutes will be given to every presenter, in which a maximum of 20 minutes should be used for the paper and 25 minutes will be reserved for discussion. The spoken language at the conference will be English. The participation at the conference will be funded by the Institute for History of Medicine of the Robert Bosch Foundation, which includes the costs of accommodation, conference meals, and 2nd class train tickets for traveling to and from Stuttgart (only in exceptional cases, cheap flights will be reimbursed as well). Unfortunately, the costs incurred when traveling by car cannot be reimbursed.

Registration To participate at the conference, please apply with an abstract of 400 words maximum, which includes title, research question, methods, and used sources as well as possible hypothesis and results, until 30 June 2017 via post or email to Dr Pierre Pfütsch and Dr Sylvelyn Hähner-Rombach, Institut für Geschichte der Medizin der Robert Bosch Stiftung, Straußweg 17, 70184 Stuttgart, Germany, or pierre.pfuetsch@igm-bosch.de and sylvelyn.haehner@igm-bosch.de.

Calls for Papers: Network of Health and Environment

Network of Health and Environment of the European Social Science History Association Conference (ESSHC), at Belfast, 4-7 April 2018

 

Proposals are invited for panels, individual papers or sessions on any subject dealing with the social history of health and/or of the environment.

ESEH is trying to expand its range of approaches and methods, so proposals using innovative formats are very welcome. The following types of applications are encouraged:

  1. Traditional panels consisting of four contributors and one chair and discussant. We particularly encourage sessions organised around a central theme with a comparative approach, bringing together contributions on different regions and/or time periods. We reserve the right to re-arrange panels and contributors if necessary in view of incoming applications. Panel chairs can also act as discussants. Discussants have an important role in stimulating discussions, which should take up a substantial part of the panel time. They can identify central issues of the papers, point to similarities and differences, raise individual or general questions or otherwise broaden the perspective on the overall themes of the panels.
  2. Individual papers. Individual papers are welcome, and accepted papers will be arranged into coherent sessions as far as possible. However, pre-organized panels have a substantially higher chance of being accepted.
  3. Meet the Author sessions, organized around a recent and important book, discussed by several scholars. While the author should be able to respond, it must become clear in the proposal that such sessions should provide the opportunity for critical debate about seminal and/controversial books and their theses (instead of being marketing events for a book.)
  4. Round table discussions in which several experts discuss one central topic.
  5. Other, e.g. the presentation and discussion of a film, a new evolving project, or some “crazy format” which we have not yet thought of.

Regardless of form, all proposals must involve contributors at least from different institutions but generally from different countries and must include a section of interaction with the audience. Papers are to  be presented rather than read.

Proposals on topics from the entire range of environmental history and of the history of medicine and health are welcome. The following themes and approaches are particularly encouraged:

  • Interactions between the global, the regional and the local;
  • Connections between the past and the present;
  • Interdisciplinary approaches; please, contact the chairs of other networks;
  • Tensions between conflicting constructions of reality;
  • Themes highlighting the dynamics of decisions made with incomplete information;
  • Themes exploring policy repercussions across periods and regions.

The deadline is May 1, 2017, but early submissions are strongly encouraged

Visit http://www.iisg.nl/esshc for:

  • General information on the conference
  • The organising institution
  • Registration (including paper proposal procedures)

For questions, suggestions etc., please write to:

Iris Borowy: borowyiris@i.shu.edu.cn, College of Liberal Arts, Shanghai University and/or Enrique Perdiguero-Gil: quique@umh.es, History of Science, Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche (Alicante, España)

 

Calls for Papers: Patient Voices: Historical and Ethical Engagement with Patient Experiences of Healthcare, 1850-1948

PATIENT VOICES: Historical and Ethical Engagement with Patient Experiences of Healthcare, 1850–1948

An interdisciplinary, policy-focused symposium

New College, University of Oxford, 18–19 September 2017

In 1948, diverse health provisions in Britain were consolidated into a single, state-directed service. After almost seventy years of the NHS—the bedrock of modern welfare—there is great concern about any return to a mixed economy of healthcare. The proposed privatisation of health services is controversial because it threatens to destabilise the complex relationships of patients with medical professionals and the state. It calls into question the structure and accessibility of healthcare, as well as the rights of patients, both as medical consumers and sources of medical data. Yet these are questions that equally shaped the development of the NHS prior to its foundation. Historical perspectives on pre-NHS healthcare—perspectives that are increasingly informed by the experiences of patients—are fundamental to understanding not just the past but also the choices before us.

Social historians of medicine have responded in various ways to Roy Porter’s 1985 call for histories incorporating the patient view. But despite work across diverse fields, patient voices before 1948 are yet to be fully integrated into historical scholarship. This symposium brings together historians, medical ethicists and archivists with interdisciplinary expertise to explore questions relating to the accessibility and ethics of the study of patient voices and data in the specific context of pre-NHS provisions. Through research presentations, roundtable discussions and interactive sessions, participants will explore the collection and qualitative use of historical medical records. The symposium will focus on methodological issues by investigating a range of available archives and piloting new strategies for retrieving as-yet-unheard historical patient voices. It will also address ethical issues arising from these pilot strategies, including questions of data protection, informed consent and the implications of new technologies in storing and analysing information.

Following the symposium, participants will be invited to submit articles for a special issue.

We welcome proposals for 20-minute papers that address one or more of the following questions:

  • How should historians access and interpret the experiences of patients, particularly those with stigmatising conditions?
  • How can historians negotiate archival ‘silences’ when locating patient voices?
  • What can patient experiences tell historians about past, present and future interactions between healthcare consumers and providers?
  • How can the study of historical patient experiences inform the social, political and clinical dimensions of healthcare in the future?
  • What ethical considerations should inform the collection, maintenance and use of sensitive medical archives, including digitisation, data analytics and discourse analysis?
  • How can attention to these ethical considerations shape the study of healthcare and facilitate high-quality medical-humanities research?

Proposals should not exceed 300 words and should be accompanied by a short biography. Please submit them to Anne Hanley (University of Oxford) and Jessica Meyer (University of Leeds) at patientvoicesproject@gmail.com by 1 April 2017.

 

Calls for Papers: Taking Back Health: Health Tomorrow, Vol.5

Submission Deadline: May 15th, 2017

The fifth volume of Health Tomorrow: Interdisciplinarity and Internationality (HTII) explores the themes of anti-colonialism, decolonization, anti-racism, white supremacy, and the hegemony of the Global North to reveal broader conceptualizations of health and health determinants.

HTII seeks to gather original research and book reviews that question dominant health discourses by critically analyzing oppressive colonial processes and their  destructive legacies— legacies that continue to affect the health of individuals and communities.

Critical inquiries disrupt dominant understandings of health—dislodging approaches to healthcare from their epistemological, economic, institutional, demographic, and political centres. Often, this work is accomplished by making explicit the intersection of individual experiences, identities, and systems, as well as structures that interact simultaneously and on multiple levels.

Such critiques expose how health inequities and systemic injustices are embedded in conventional biomedical approaches, pathologies, and eurocentric conceptions of health and health services.

By mapping instances of health inequities and injustices onto broader socio-political territories, we can better understand the expression and interaction of multiple forms of oppression and discrimination. Critical investigations in this area have opened  up spaces for challenging dominant health discourses.

Resisting these discourses also means decentering conventional health narratives,  promoting emancipatory worldviews, and fostering more positive and contextualized health practices. Through destabilization, notions of health can become more dynamically responsive to context, power, privilege, and social location.

Possible areas and topics may include, but are in no way limited to:

  • Anti-colonial scholarship on health: Highlighting the imperialist role of the Global North in shaping notions of health (e.g., neoliberatlization of health services).
  • Decolonizing scholarship on health: Indigenous work to decolonize settler states (e.g. the decolonization of body, mind and spirit; Indigenous approaches to health; strategies for decolonizing health and medicine)
  • Critical race approaches to health: Black feminist scholarly traditions and approaches from the Global South (e.g. intersectional approaches to health; racism and anti-Black racism in medical research and practice;  anti-racism work in health service delivery and distribution; the relationship between Western medicine and non-Western medicine; integration as well as resistance to Western medicine)
  • Critical disability approaches to health: Perspectives that dismantle the ableist policies, assumptions and practices that marginalize or disadvantage different abilities (e.g., sociologies of impairment that shed light on the effects of colonialism)
  • Historical or long-term perspectives on health: Colonial or racist influence on beauty and ‘body shaming’ (e.g. racist cosmetic interventions, gender-confirmation surgeries and practices, cultural appropriations of beauty standards)
  • Reformulations or challenges to conventional notions of health: feminist applications of phenomenology such as subjectivity, identity, embodiment, intersectionality and everyday epistemology in relation to the body; health of individuals as dependant on their communities (e.g., pressure on new mothers to breastfeed).

Please send completed manuscripts (6000-10,000 words) tohtii@yorku.ca by May 15th, 2017

For further guidelines and instructions, please visit:http://ht.journals.yorku.ca

Calls for Papers: Cities, Urban Societies, and Syphilis in the Mediterranean

Call for papers

Cities, Urban Societies, and Syphilis in the Mediterranean, 16th-21st Centuries

Faculty of Medicine, Marseille, 25-27 October 2017

 With almost 500 cases diagnosed in France in 2015, syphilis has not disappeared yet. The “scourge of Naples” is still challenging society and medicine. The very nature of syphilis both frightens and fascinates. Traditionally considered a shameful disease contracted in the intimacy of the bedroom, it has been of concern to societies for many centuries now, as it relates to their morals, their capacity to medically and therapeutically innovate, as well as their arrangements for the enforcement of a public health policy or their will to assume an efficient healthcare policy. Although those questions are not recent, they remain deeply rooted in our relationship to the disease and to the bodies it inhabits, which can be severely bruised in the third stage of its evolution.

The main topic of this symposium is to propose a convergence among scholarship emanating from historians, anthropologists, and physicians with a focus on the “shock” caused by the encounter of the Treponema pallidum with societies on a municipal scale, and particularly in harbour cities. The symposium aims at combining a multiplicity of contexts, including global, colonial, and metropolitan perspectives, and a long-time perspective with the contemporary experience of a growing syphilis epidemic.

The symposium will be organized into three sessions aiming at documenting and giving useful information about the spread of the disease on the scale of a city, a harbour and notably a Mediterranean territory. In order to compare diffusion as well as origins of the disease, contributions about other geographical areas will also be welcome. Preference will be given to papers that explore a municipal scale or harbour context (be it civil or military) or that deal with enclosed spaces, like enclaves or geographically, culturally or socially-isolated populations.

The symposium will start with communications dealing with very contemporary medical issues (Session 1 – Cities, Urban Societies and Syphilis in the Mediterranean: Current Medical Data). These contributions will be based on issues linked with the diagnosis and the epidemiology of syphilis, with the methods of prevention and the way public health policies work on the ground, or with the available therapeutic solutions. The symposium will then move on to diachronic perspectives (Session 2 – Cities, Urban Societies and Syphilis in the Mediterranean: Historical Context and Medical-historical Inferences). To finish, the anthropological dimension will be taken into account (Session 3 – Cities, Urban Societies and Syphilis in the Mediterranean: Anthropological Approach). Beyond the paleo-pathological and archeo-thanatological contexts, this final session will try to broach the evolution of social constructions and differing representations of the disease.

Submission

We accept both paper and poster communications. Papers can be submitted for all three sessions; posters, based on case reports or shorter studies, can be included only for Sessions 1 and 3.

The conference languages are French and English, and abstracts for papers and posters may be submitted in either language.

All abstracts must include:

  • a text (maximum of 1000 words), in Microsoft Office Word or compatible format. This should explain contain the main goals, methodology, results, discussion or final considerations of the presentation. It should clearly state whether you wish to present a paper or a poster
  • Title of paper/poster
  • Author(s) and institutional address(es);
  • Contact emails for all authors
  • Session in which you would like to present
  • Between three to five keywords to use for indexing. These should not appear in the title of the abstract.

Please submit all abstracts via email to syphilis.marenostrum@gmail.com). The deadline for abstract submission is 30 APRIL 2017.

Some tourist informations about Marseille and Provence

http://www.marseille-tourisme.com/en/
http://www.aixenprovencetourism.com/en/
http://www.avignon-tourisme.com/home-1-2.html
http://www.provenceweb.fr/e/provpil.htm
 

Accommodations in Marseille

http://www.hotels-de-marseille.com/
http://www.alize-hotel.com/fr/
http://www.hotelmarseille.com/hermes/
https://www.radissonblu.com/fr/hotel-marseille
http://www.hotel-residence-marseille.com/fr/
http://grand-hotel-beauvau.hotelmarseille.org/fr/

Calls for Papers: Special Issue on New Trends in the Historiography of Medicine

Call for Papers: special issue on New trends in the historiography of medicine

Deadline for paper submission: July 31th2017.

Publication of the issue: December, 2017.

We are expecting to receive submissions related to the new methodological approaches and the new objects that have been recently explored in the field of the history of medicine. These submissions can either propose a kind of meta-analysis of a new field of studies in the history of medicine (such as “global health”, relation between medicine and gender or race studies, history of pharmacology, health and environment, history of medicine in Africa etc.), or propose some epistemological analysis on new methodological approaches that have emerged in these last decades (such as the articulation of ethnography and historical methods, the historical epistemology applied to medical history, the relevance of visual studies to the history of medicine etc.). Papers applying an original methodology to a specific object or historical materials are especially welcomed, as papers trying to embrace the development of an emergent field of researches in the area of history of medicine.

We are also expecting book reviews relevant for the above thematic.

In addition to English articles, Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science accepts articles in French, Portuguese and Spanish for evaluation, but after approval for publication the author should send the final version in English.

Submission details:

Submissions must be received by July 31th, 2017 via the webpage of the Journal, so they can be considered for the December 2017 issue. Submissions must be prepared for double blind review.

Author Guidelines

Online Submissions

For any further information concerning this Call for Papers, please contact:

Prof. Ana Carolina Vimieiro Gomes, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil. E-mail: carolvimieiro@gmail.com

Prof. Claude Olivier-Doron, Université Paris-Diderot (Paris VII), France. E-mail: colivierdoron@gmail.com

For any further information concerning this Journal, please contact the Editors-in-chief below.

Prof. Mauro L. Condé, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. E-mail: mauroconde@ufmg.br

Prof. Marlon J. Salomon, Federal University of Goiás, Goiania, Brazil. E-mail: marlonsalomon@ufg.br